Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Stem cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institute of Medical Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran
Biomaterials Center of Excellence, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Background: Osteoporosis is a bone disease alters the amount and variety of proteins in bone tissue and increases the potential of bone fracture. Antiresorptive therapy is one of the most popular treatment methods for osteoporosis. To reduce side effects and enhance the bioavailability of drug agents, the controlled delivery of drug is commonly utilized. Objectives: We investigated the controlled release of Alendronate in different composites of layered double hydroxide (LDH) using poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) as a matrix. Materials and Methods: We prepared different microsphere composites of ALD intercalated in various amounts of LDH, using PCL as a matrix. The controlled release of ALD from these composites is subsequently investigated. Samples are characterized and in vitro cell cytotoxicity, attachment, osteogenic activity including alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralization are examined using MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells. Results: The results showed that the release of ALD is more desirable and controlled in the samples having a higher amount of LDH incorporated into the PCL matrix. MG63 cells show a significant increase in viability, attachment, and mineralization while alkaline phosphatase activity remains almost at a constant level after 3 weeks. Conclusions: Overall, the findings showed that by incorporation of 15 wt% of LDH, the composite microsphere is capable of holding the antiresorptive drug longer and release it in a more controlled manner. This is an advantageous and promising characteristic for a carrier that could be used as a potential candidate for osteoporosis treatment.