In-Situ Recovery of Persipeptides from Streptomyces zagrosensis Fermentation Broth by Enhanced Adsorption

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Microbial Biotechnology, School of Biology and Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

2 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia.

3 Department of Microbial Biotechnology, School of Biology and Center of Excellence in Phylogeny of Living Organisms, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran (CCERCI), Pazhouhesh Blvd., 17th Km of Tehran-Karaj Highway,1496813151 Tehran, Iran.

10.30498/ijb.2020.125909.2231

Abstract

Background: Drug discovery process is growing considerably due to the noteworthy resource of natural products. Persipeptides A and B are cyclopeptide antibiotics, which are produced by Streptomyces zagrosensis UTMC 1154. Although extraction of culture broth with the help of solvent has been optimized previously, no effort for in-situ extraction of persipeptides has been done yet.
Objective: To produce a high quantity of persipeptides for further drug evaluation, it is crucial to design approaches aimed at improvement of the extraction yield.
Materials and Methods: Amberlite XAD-16N was employed into the fermentation culture medium of S. zagrosensis in order to enhance the in-situ extraction of persipeptides. Effects of resin content (%), resin addition time (h), and fermentation time (day) were investigated by a two-level full factorial experimental design.
Results: The main factors of resin content (%) and the interaction of resin content (%) with resin addition time (day) were found to be important using ANOVA. The results showed the amount of 0.33 % (w.v-1) amberlite XAD-16N added at 27.2 h post-inoculation was the most effective combination to increase the efficiency of in-situ adsorption capacity of persipeptides.
Conclusions: The provided method requires 3.3 g resin and 200 mL methanol for the extraction of persipeptides from each liter of fermentation culture of S. zagrosensis in less than 15 min. Apart from cost-efficiently and simplicity, this procedure enhanced the recovery of persipeptides by 7 % and 3 times, compared to ISP2 medium without any resin after 4 and 7 days of fermentation, respectively. Therefore, this method can be regarded as a cost-efficient enhancement approach for the production of these newly-discovered metabolites before implementing the genetic manipulation or intensive media optimization, demanding considerable time and effort.

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