A Comprehensive Review of the Key Characteristics of the Genus Mentha, Natural Compounds and Biotechnological Approaches for the Production of Secondary Metabolites

Document Type : Review Paper


Department of Plant Bioproducts, National Institude of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran


Context: The genus Mentha is one of the most aromatic and well-known members of the Lamiaceae family. A wide range 
of bioactive compounds has been reported in mints. Regarding the high economic importance of Mentha plants due to 
the presence of valuable metabolites, the demand for their products is growing exponentially. Therefore, to supply such 
demand, new strategies should be adopted to improve the yield and medicinal quality of the products.
Evidence Acquisition: The current review is written based on scientific literature obtained from online databases, 
including Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science regarding the characteristic features of some species of 
the genus Mentha, their distribution and cultivation, main uses and benefits, phytochemical composition, biotechnological 
approaches for the production of secondary metabolites, and strategies for enhanced production of mints secondary 
Results: In this article, we offer an overview of the key characteristics, natural compounds, biological properties, and 
medicinal uses of the genus Mentha. Current research describes biotechnological techniques such as in vitro culture methods 
for the production of high-value secondary metabolites. This review also highlights the strategies such as elicitation, 
genetic, and metabolic engineering to improve the secondary compounds production level in mint plants. Overall, it can be 
concluded that identifying the biosynthetic pathways, leading to the accumulation of pharmaceutically important bioactive 
compounds, has paved the way for developing highly productive mint plants with improved phytochemical profiles.


Main Subjects

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