Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Department of Mycology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
Background: One of the challenges in using stem cells to neural repair is to induce their differentiation into neurons and lack of glial formation.
Objectives: Mesenchymal stem cells have revealed great potential for neural reorganization and renewal by taking advantage of differentiation capabilities. Here we explored the potential use of olibanum extract in freeze-dried scaffolds for induction of stem cells differentiation.
Materials and Methods: In this study, gelatin/ collagen/olibanum/ graphene oxide (GEL/COL/OL/GO) freeze-dried scaffolds were synthesized and then adult rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) were seeded on scaffolds. The viability of cells was evaluated using MTT test on days 1, 3 and 5. The morphology of the cells seeded on scaffolds was studied using SEM and specific protein expression detected by immunohistochemical analysis. Real-time PCR was applied to detect the expression of Chat, Pax6, Hb-9, Nestin, Islet-1, and neurofilament-H (NF-H). The data were analyzed using Tukey test and one-way ANOVA and the means difference was considered significant at P<0.05, P<0.01, and P<0.001.
Results: Showed that the pore size is increased in GEL/COL/OL/GO scaffolds compared with GO-free scaffolds and higher attachment and proliferation of BMMSCs on GEL/COL/OL /1.5% GO scaffolds compared to GEL/COL/OL/3% GO scaffolds. The cell viability results after 5 days of incubation showed the significant biocompatibility of GEL/COL/OL /1.5% GO freeze-dried scaffold. The results of immunohistochemical and PCR analysis revealed positive role of GEL/COL/OL/1.5% GO scaffolds in upregulation of neuron-specific markers.
Conclusion: These results reveal the great potential of GEL/COL/OL/GO scaffolds for nerve regeneration. Our data suggested that both OL extract and GO can regulate the MSCs differentiation into neurons.