Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), Tehran, Iran.
Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran.
Applied Microbiology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a dangerous viral disease, infecting a broad range of birds, and has a fatal effect on the poultry industries. The attachment and consequently fusion of the virus to the host cell membrane is directed by the two superficial glycoproteins, the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and the fusion (F) which is considered as the important targets for the poultry immune response.
Objectives: The principal goal of this investigation was to realize the potential efficacy of the E. coli expression system for the production of the multi-epitopic HN, and F proteins with respect to the ability for the stimulation of the immune system and production of the cross-reactive antibodies in mice.
Materials and Methods: The recombinant HN and F (rHN, rF) have accumulated almost 40% of the total bacterial proteins. The presence of rHN and rF proteins recognized by the Western blotting with specific anti-HN, anti-F, anti-Newcastle B1, and anti-poly 6x His-tag antibodies. Furthermore, both rHN and rF have shown the specific reactivity against the Newcastle B1 antiserum as a standard strain.
Results: The ELISA analysis showed that the higher dilutions of the antibody against Newcastle B1 could react with the as least quantity as 100 ng of the purified rHN, and rF. Cross-reactivity analysis of the sera from the mice immunized with Newcastle B1 in two time points indicated that the raise of anti-Newcastle B1, anti-HN and anti-F antibodies peaked at 28 days post immunization (dpi). Moreover, temporal variation in IgG titration between both time points was significant at 5% probability level.
Conclusion: The results provided valuable information about the cross-reactivity patterns and biological activity of the multi-epitopic proteins compared to the NDV standard strain which was determined by the Western blotting and ELISA.