Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Microbiology, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Tehran,Iran.
Department of Biology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
Department of PPD production, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research institute, Karaj, Iran
Background: Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is known as an important human pathogen, which is responsible for many cases of both hospital and community-acquired infections all over the world. Studying on drug resistance is regarded as an important prevention strategy regarding these types of infections.
Objectives: The current study is aimed to assess the association between the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and resistance to antibiotics in the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains as well as the molecular typing of isolates, collected from the clinical samples.
Materials and Methods: We used the disc-diffusion method to test the isolates antibiotic resistance. In addition, the genotypes of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) in the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates were determined by multiplex -polymerase chain reaction (PCR). SNP was identified in the mecA gene using sequencing and amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction (ARMS-PCR) method.
Results: The highest resistance was shown against oxacillin, and erythromycin and cephalexin. The most sensitive antibiotic was vancomycin (97%) and resistance to at least three antibiotic classes were identified in all isolates. Eighty six percent of isolates were positive for mecA gene and more than 50% of which were healthcare-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MRSA). Moreover, SCCmec type 3, 1were the predominant strains of the identified MRSA. Also, 23 isolates (23%) were non-typable. By using the ARMS-PCR method, it was found that 10% of the clinical specimens had SNP in the mecA gene.
Conclusion: According to the Chi-square test (χ2), it reveals that the association between SNP in the mecA gene and oxacillin, cefoxitin, and erythromycin resistance was confirmed among clinical MRSA. Furthermore, there is a 95%probability of association between SNP and resistance to more than three antibiotics in MRSA strains.